Dentures, also referred to as false teeth, are dental devices that can be removed and are used to replace missing teeth and the surrounding tissues. They are specifically designed to enhance both the appearance and functionality of natural teeth for individuals who have experienced tooth loss, whether it be partial or complete.
Dentures are typically crafted from a combination of materials, such as acrylic, metal, and porcelain. They consist of a gum-colored acrylic base that provides support for the artificial teeth. This base is custom-made to perfectly fit the unique shape and contours of the patient’s mouth, ensuring stability and comfort during use.
How many types of dentures
There are several types of dentures available to cater to different needs and preferences. Here are the most common types
Complete dentures, sometimes referred to as full dentures, are dental appliances used to replace all of the natural teeth in either the upper or lower jaw. They are designed to provide a complete set of artificial teeth that are attached to a gum-colored acrylic base.
Valplast also referred to as flexidentures
Valplast, also referred to as flexidentures, is a removable dental prosthesis that serves as an alternative to conventional acrylic or metal dentures. Made from a flexible and durable nylon material, Valplast dentures offer a comfortable fit and a natural appearance. These dentures are crafted with a flexible acrylic that enhances comfort during wear.
Furthermore, Valplast dentures can incorporate flexible clasps that provide stability and retention by attaching to adjacent teeth. This feature ensures a secure fit and minimizes movement while wearing the denture.
Cobalt Chrome – Metal Dentures
Cobalt Chrome dentures, also referred to as metal dentures, feature a major connector made of cobalt chrome metal as their primary component. This unique design ensures a close and precise fit to the gum, allowing for the creation of thin denture structures without compromising strength. Unlike traditional acrylic dentures that cover a large portion of the palate, Cobalt Chrome dentures minimize the palate coverage, preserving the sense of taste during meals.
Similar to Valplast dentures, Cobalt Chrome dentures utilize clasps to enhance stability and retention by securely attaching the denture to adjacent teeth. This added support provides the confidence needed to enjoy daily activities without worrying about denture movement.
The use of a cobalt-chromium alloy in the construction of these dentures brings numerous benefits compared to acrylic alternatives. The alloy’s inherent strength, durability, and resistance to corrosion make it an excellent choice for creating long-lasting dentures that can withstand the demands of daily use.
How Are Dentures Made?
The denture fabrication process takes a few weeks and several appointments. Once your dentist or prosthodontist (a dentist who specializes in the restoration and replacement of teeth) determines what type of appliance is best for you, the general steps are to:
The process of creating dentures involves several important steps
- Assessment and Impression: Your dentist or prosthodontist will assess your oral condition and take impressions of your teeth and jaw. These impressions help in creating models and determining the shape and position of the denture.
- Model Creation: Using the impressions, models, wax forms, or plastic patterns are created. These models mimic the exact shape and position of the denture to be made. This step allows for the evaluation of color, shape, and fit during subsequent try-in appointments.
- Try-In Appointments: You will have several try-in appointments where the denture model is assessed for color, shape, and fit. These appointments help ensure that the final denture meets your expectations and provides a comfortable fit.
- Final Denture Casting: Once the try-in appointments are completed and any necessary adjustments are made, the final denture is cast. The materials used for the denture, such as acrylic or other suitable materials, are carefully selected to meet your specific needs.
- Adjustment and Refinement: After the final denture is cast, further adjustments may be made to achieve an optimal fit and comfort. Your dentist or prosthodontist will work with you to address any concerns and make necessary refinements to ensure the denture feels comfortable and functions well.
- Independent Denture Options: We offer a range of independent dentures to cater to your specific needs and preferences. Your dentist or prosthodontist will discuss the available options with you and guide you in selecting the denture that best suits your situation.
Throughout the process, your dentist or prosthodontist will provide guidance and support, ensuring that the denture meets your expectations in terms of appearance, fit, and functionality.
Are There Alternatives to Dentures?
Certainly! Dental implants can serve as an alternative to dentures. They provide support for cemented bridges, eliminating the need for a removable denture. Although the cost of dental implants is typically higher, they offer a more natural look and feel compared to dentures. Dental implants closely resemble real teeth and can greatly enhance your oral functionality.
It’s important to note that not everyone is a suitable candidate for dental implants. Your dentist will assess your oral condition and determine if implants are a viable option for you.
Looking after your dentures
Proper care of your dentures is crucial to maintain their appearance, function, and durability. Here are essential guidelines for taking care of your dentures
- Remove and rinse: After meals, remove your dentures and rinse them with water to eliminate food particles and debris. This helps prevent staining and the accumulation of bacteria.
- Handle with care: When handling your dentures, be gentle to avoid dropping or damaging them. Place a towel or a basin of water in the sink as a cushioning measure in case they slip from your hands accidentally.
- Brush daily: Like natural teeth, dentures require daily cleaning. Use a soft-bristle brush specifically designed for dentures or a mild denture cleanser to gently brush all surfaces, including the teeth, gums, and attachments. Avoid abrasive materials or harsh cleaners that could cause scratches or damage.
- Soak overnight: To maintain the moisture and shape of your dentures, soak them overnight in a denture cleaning solution or plain water. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the recommended soaking time.
- Brush gums and tongue: Even with full dentures, it’s important to clean your gums, tongue, and the roof of your mouth using a soft-bristle brush or a damp cloth. This helps remove plaque, stimulate circulation, and maintain overall oral hygiene.
- Regular check-ups: Schedule regular visits to your dentist for check-ups and professional cleanings. They can examine your dentures for signs of damage or wear, make necessary adjustments, and ensure a proper fit.
By following these guidelines and maintaining good oral hygiene practices, you can keep your dentures clean, comfortable, and in excellent condition, ensuring a confident and functional smile.